KnowledgeBases > The Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase > Element 5 > Activity 1 > Task 1: Implement Primary Prevention/Core Instruction
Primary prevention, sometimes referred to as "core instruction" and often delivered in Tier 1 of an response to intervention (RtI) framework, is designed for all learners and is intended to meet the needs of approximately 80% of students; it is considered the "foundation" of the RtI framework. It is predicated on the use of universal screening (see Element X), and research-based, standards-aligned, core classroom instruction. It is important for educators to understand the role of primary prevention within the RtI framework and how to deliver instruction effectively to meet the learning needs of students.
This guide identifies critical elements to consider when evaluating a core reading program.
This link to the Common Core State Standards Initiative website provides links to the English Language Arts and Mathematics standards.
This RTI Action Network article discusses tier 1 instruction from a scientifically based perspective.
This link is to the Center on Instruction guide for teachers. As noted at its website, it "describes a suite of Student Center Activities offering teachers a wide range of activities to engage students in differentiated reading activities during small-group work in the classroom. The activities target specific skills, scaffold student learning, and provide engaging practice to extend student learning and increase the time focused on critical reading skills at all levels of reading proficiency. Originally prepared for use in Florida schools, these activities are appropriate in any elementary school context and are consistent with scientific research on reading instruction."
This link to one of Vanderbilt University's IRIS Center learning modules describes the components of high-quality mathematics instruction (a standards-based curriculum and evidence-based strategies) and highlights effective practices teachers might use to teach mathematics.
Indicators in Action is produced by the Center on Innovation and Improvement. As noted at its website, "Based primarily on the Center's research syntheses, Indicators in Action provides an explanation of indicators of effective practice. Video clips of principals, teachers, and teacher teams show the indicators 'in action.'" Indicators in Action may be useful to support professional learning.
This link to one of Vanderbilt University's IRIS Center learning modules provides reading strategies that may be used with the RtI model to improve reading skills. Click here for a link to a Spanish version.